Category Archives: New Baby

How to Talk to Your Baby: Tips for Parents Expanding Speech/Language Skills

By: Valerie Heneghan, CCC-SLP/L

Each baby’s development is unique and magnificent! However, parents will often ask us these questions:

  • How do I know if I am doing enough to foster speech and language development to keep my baby on track?
  • What communication milestones should I be looking for?

In general, these are a few communication milestones that you should be looking for in the first year of life from the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA). 

Birth-3 Months

  • Seems to recognize your voice and quiets if crying
  • Makes pleasure sounds (cooing, gooing)
  • Cries differently for different needs
  • Smiles when sees you

baby34-6 Months

  • Moves eyes in direction of sounds
  • Babbling sounds more speech-like with many different sounds, including p, b and m
  • Vocalizes excitement and displeasure

7 Months – 1 Year

  • Begins to respond to requests (e.g. “Come here” or “Want more?”)
  • Babbling has both long and short groups of sounds such as “tata upup bibibibi”
  • Uses gestures to communicate (waving, holding arms to be picked up)
  • Has one or two words (hi, dog, dada, mama) around first birthday, although sounds may not be clear

Here are 8 tips to help meet these milestones, engage, and expand your child’s ability to communicate.

  • Child-directed communication. The amount and quality of language has a huge impact on your child’s communication development. Research has shown that babies benefit greater from child-directed communication rather than language that is overheard (e.g., asking your child a question vs. listening to the TV in the background) Take the time to smile and enjoy your child through communication exchanges.

 

  • Imitate your child’s sounds and actions. Imitation is a very important skill for your child to learn.  Imitating your baby encourages him/her to notice you and even imitate your actions and/or words. This skill is vital for expanding babbling to initiating first words (e.g., “Mamama”, “babo”, etc.).

 

  • Put the child’s message into words.  When your child sends you a message by reaching, pointing, looking, or making a sound; put into words what you think he is trying to tell you.  Be repetitive, children learn through repeated exposure to target words. (e.g., Do you see the ball? Ball, Here is the ball.).

 

  • Talk with your child during every day routines and activities. When your child hears familiar words and sentences in the same contexts every day, it helps to build his understanding of language.  This is one of the best ways to learn more difficult concepts as well such as verbs, prepositions, etc. (e.g., Look the dog is running. He is running so fast!)

Baby nico on swing

  • Be face to face. When playing with your child, get down to his/her eye level.  Sit facing him/her when he is in his high chair or while playing on the floor.  This way, your child can see and hear you better fostering communication and imitation attempts. During this time, use gestures such as pointing, and imitating daily routines (e.g., washing hands, stirring spoon, kissing babies, etc.)

 

  • Offer your child choices. Hold up two objects and show each object as you name it.  You can ask, “Do you want crackers or bananas?”  Observe how your child communicates his/her choice-looking at the one he/she wants, reaching toward it, pointing to it, making a sound or saying the word.  As soon as your child lets you know what he/she wants, give it to him/her which will allow him/her to experience the power of communication!

 

  • Pause during a familiar routine to tell your child it’s his turn. When you and your child are doing something repeatedly (e.g., swinging, tickling).  Pause during the activity from time to time.  For example, after you have tickled your child, stop the game and WAIT for him/her to let you know that he/she wants more.  Don’t say anything-just look expectantly.  See if your child will tell you to continue in anticipation for that desired activity.

 

  • Sign Language. Sign language is the use of a gestural system to communicate. Signs can be used to reduce frustration and give the child a way to communicate his wants and needs while he/she is still coordinating their speech production system. (My personal favorites are “more”, “all done”, “milk”, and “up”).

    all_done
    From babysignlanguage.com

 

In summary, the best way to foster speech-language development with your child in their first year of life is to: TALK, PLAY, READ, and SING!  If you have any questions or need additional support, please contact a speech-language pathologist for more information.

If you are concerned about your child’s language or other development, take our free online developmental screening tool for children birth to age five. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) will showcase your child’s developmental milestones while uncovering any potential delays. Learn more at askeasterseals.org. 

 

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Expectant and New Parent’s Guide to Registering for a Baby

Maggie_1

By: Bridget Hobbs, PT, DPT

As new parents ourselves, my husband and I spent four hours on a beautiful Saturday this past summer at a popular baby store in order to register for our bundle of joy that was arriving shortly.  Even though we went in with a list of items that our new-parent friends had recommended, I have to admit, the process was overwhelming!  Between items stacked floor to ceiling and deciding on one of 20+ different kinds of car seats, we had to take a 10 minute ‘halftime’ two hours into our adventure and relax on those comfy $900 gliders. Overall, having a good idea of what is going to help your baby and what could be detrimental to your baby’s development is going to make the process a bit easier.  Here is a parent’s guide of dos and don’ts for registering for a new baby based on my experience in child development as a pediatric physical therapist:

Do: Invest in a good playpen/encompassing safety gate.  This way, you can make dinner or fold laundry with your child safely playing within your line of sight.  Your child will be able to roll, pull up, crawl and improve his gross motor abilities and not get into things such as the flowers on the coffee table or your husband’s important work files in his briefcase.
Additional bonus: if you have a dog in your house, this is a good way to keep them interacting and in the same room without the worry that your favorite four-legged friend will accidentally knock-over your two-legged child.

Don’t: Buy everything on the market that “contains” your baby.  This includes: bouncers, swings, jumpers, exersaucers, and bumbo chairs.   All of these products should be used in moderation, if at all.  When these “container” products are used excessively, babies are at risk for torticollis (tightness on one side of the neck) and plagiocephaly (flat head).  In order to avoid possible physical therapy and costly head-shaping helmets, make sure your child gets plenty of tummy time.  A good playmat or a boppy pillow can help your child enjoy tummy time.  For more information on this topic, you can reference my June blog entry: The Container Baby

Do: Get toys for your children that are old-school.  Think blocks, balls, books, musical instruments (remember your little four-key piano?), magnet letters, and shape sorters.  These types of toys are great sensory experiences, and will help your child learn the concepts of: putting in/taking out, cause-effect, hand-eye coordination and recognizing and producing different tones for speech production.
Additional bonus: your parents may have saved these toys from your childhood (as I learned recently as my Mom showed me a whole closet of bins of age-labeled toys that she pulled out the other week).  These types of toys are also easily found at garage sales for super-cheap.

Don’t: Go too techy for your baby.  I was floored to see an ipad holder that was marketed toward an infant.  As a general rule, avoid anything that has the word ‘tech’ in it as a toy for your baby.  The American Academy of Pediatrics states that television and other entertainment media should be avoided for infants and children under the age of 2, and for children and teens limited to no more then 1-2 hours per day.  Starting children on tablets and electronics too early and not in moderation can be a slippery slope that can lead to increased rates of attention-deficit disorder, obesity and risky behaviors.  For additional information on this topic, please read my previous blog: Why Reading Real Books as Opposed to E-books is Beneficial for Your Child

As I recently learned, registering for a baby can be a really fun process (honestly, who doesn’t like using the scanner-gun?) but can also be quite overwhelming.  Try not to be suckered into every high-tech piece of baby equipment out there, because chances are, you and your baby won’t need it.  Instead, remembering what you grew up with (Legos, books and play-pens, oh my!) can lead to a better reality of what will help your child develop.

For more information about Easter Seals DuPage & Fox Valley please visit EasterSealsDFVR.org.

The “Container” Baby

Bumbo

By Bridget Hobbs, PT, DPT

Step into any baby store, and you will no doubt see a large number of devices that ‘contain’ your baby. These ‘containers’ range from Bumbo seats, swings, bouncers, car seats, walkers, jumpers and exersaucers.

The ‘container baby’ is a relatively new term used in pediatrics to describe a baby that spends a lot of its time in a containing device. When a baby is in this type of device, it does not allow the baby to move around and explore its environment. This places the baby at risk for gross and fine motor delays, torticollis (tightening of one side of the neck), plagiocephaly (flattening of one side of the head), and brachycephaly (flattening of the back of the head), not to mention a lack of sensory experiences.

Here are some tips on how to avoid your baby being a container baby:

Help your baby love tummy time. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all babies sleep on their back. However, supervised playtime on baby’s tummy will help develop neck, back, and shoulder muscles and help to ensure a nice, round head.

Starting when you first bring your baby home from the hospital, place your baby on his tummy 3-4 times per day, and aim for about 5 minutes of tummy playtime each time. Some babies will not like tummy time at first, but will eventually prefer it. Incorporate mirrors at their level, use a boppy pillow for support, and even get down on the floor with your baby to increase bonding. Playing games like ‘airplane,’ placing baby on your chest on her tummy while singing a song, and colorful tummy time mats are also helpful.

Limit the ‘containers’ that you buy in the first place. Sure, car seats and strollers are must haves. However, Bumbo seats, bouncers, and swings should be used in moderation, if at all. A good rule of thumb is to think back to your childhood. Did your parents have enough baby equipment to fill up an entire living room? Probably not. In fact, the best toys and things for your babies are things that can fit in a toy chest: blocks, puzzles, books, colorful toys and balls. Baby store associates are very good at convincing you that you will need every item of equipment on the market. Try not to give in and think about what you will really need/use and what will best promote development and learning for your baby.

Good “containers” include playpens and front and back carriers. In a playpen, your baby will have room to learn to roll, pull to stand and crawl while you get a few minutes to do the dishes or put a load of laundry in the washing machine. The front and back carriers also promote good head control, allowing your baby to look side to side and increase bonding between you and your baby.

With the amount of baby equipment on the market, it is hard to decide what your baby will actually need and benefit from. Try to limit ‘container’ usage to help your baby have the best development possible.

References: American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.aap.org