Screen time for the purpose of passive consumption should be limited, as it does not activate a young child’s brain the way that real interaction with another person does. Children learn most efficiently from back and forth communication, interaction in the real world and hands on play.
However, the screen can be a platform to promote back and forth interaction between a caregiver and child. Here are my favorite apps that promote creativity, collaboration and FUN interaction:
Video Star lets you easily create a music video in which you are the star! Select the song, special effects, start shooting and then watch back the hilarious video that you created!
Songifytransforms your recorded speech into a song. It is SO FUN!!!
Puppet Palsis an app in which you can create your own unique puppet shows. You can select the actors, background, animation and record the audio.
Funny Movie Maker lets you replace the mouth (or entire face) of a picture of a friend, celebrity, pet, etc. You can record videos, adjust the pitch of your voice and add music to complete your video. I think this could be an entertaining way to get that articulation homework done!
Book Creatoris a simple way to make your own book right on you tablet. In this app, you can customize books by adding pictures, text, video clips, music and even your own recorded voice. What a great way for a child to re-tell a previous event or create their own imaginative story!
As with all media use, play these games along with your child. These apps may spur your creativity too!
No one can deny the powers of the iPad. The back lit animations, sound effects and interactive games make apps a great tool for kids to learn. Kids and adults are drawn to the technology?
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends limiting the amount of screen time a child has to “high-quality content.” They recommend children and teens should engage with entertainment media for no more than one or two hours per day and that television and other entertainment media should be avoided for infants and children under age 2.
But what games or content are high-quality? As a pediatric occupational therapist, I use iPad apps during therapy as a therapeutic tool to help kid’s develop skills. Below are my favorite quality iPad apps.
Letter Workbook is an interactive educational app which teaches toddlers and children how to form and write letters. Through the simple, interactive guide children will learn how to write their ABC, improve vocabulary and have fun along the way!
Visual Attention Therapy helps brain injury and stroke survivors, as well as struggling students, to improve scanning abilities. It also helps rehab professionals to assess for neglect and provide more efficient and effective therapy for attention deficits.
SMARTBoards are now available at Easter Seals DuPage & Fox Valley! This new technology will be utilized for individual therapy sessions, community based therapy programs and classroom based learning in the pre-Kindergarten classroom at The Lily Garden Child Care Center. While SMARTBoards are widely used in schools and have been proven to be innovative in the classroom setting, we know there are numerous applications in the therapeutic setting.
There are 4 major advantages of bringing this technology to children of all ages in a therapeutic setting.
1. Enriched Teaching and Learning Experience
The SMARTBoard provides a multi-modal learning experience for children. With typical instruction, educators can be limited to mostly auditory learning with supplemental visual supports. Using the SMARTBoard, children have access to auditory, visual, kinesthetic, and tactile learning by being able to physically interact and conceptualize topics in new exciting ways.
Studies have revealed higher learning outcomes as educators are given a platform to prepare and execute their ideas and materials more efficiently. With increased efficiency of materials presented and engagement from children, studies have shown improved performance outcomes and efficacy for achieving treatment goals.
2. Unlimited Access to Online Information and Resources
The SMARTBoard gives you flexibility to utilize many forms of media. Using articles, pictures, and videos creates exceptional involvement with a child using applications that are of deep interest and captivation. Many SMARTBoard users have created their own materials and have shared them for others to download for free use. The SMARTBoard software also provides a variety of materials which saves preparation time for therapists.
3. Universal Design – User Friendly
With a variety of products available, the SMARTBoard hardware is suitable for a variety of abilities and assists in bridging the gap for those who have motor, visual, hearing, attention deficits, etc. It also encourages companies to go green, as this is a web-based medium. Therapy materials are available online and can be shared or stored without producing physical materials.
Unlike Apps, the SMART software is completely adaptable to meet the needs of specific individuals and their learning needs. Using technology is innately engaging for children of this generation while still providing targeted hands-on learning. Additionally, by having the ability to touch and change the sessions as you go, sessions can be stripped down to the most functional level for children of all abilities, simplifying the learning process.
The SMARTBoards have four touch points, allowing a therapist and client or multiple clients in a community based therapy program to touch and learn together. The games are so fun, the child doesn’t realize they are practicing new speech patterns or movements as part of their therapy goals.
Parents understandably worry when they hear the words “speech generating device”, “AAC” and “augmentative communication”. Concerns are voiced such as:
The Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) doesn’t think she will talk and is giving up on her speech
My son talks, why is the SLP recommending a speech generating device? My son doesn’t fit this profile!
Won’t that device stop her talking and make her too lazy to talk?
That is just not the case. The American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA) defines augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) as “all forms of communication (other than oral speech) that are used to express thoughts, needs, wants and ideas. We all use AAC when we make facial expressions or gestures, use symbols or pictures, or write.”
There are many myths around the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in individuals of all ages but these myths are particularly prevalent with our young children. Below are the most common concerns (myths) that I continue to hear from families and professionals, especially those working with young children. I want to dispel the myths with the realities surrounding the concerns.
MYTH: The AAC system will become a crutch for my child. Parents are frequently concerned that their child will use the device instead of learning to communicate verbally.
REALITY: Many children’s verbalizations increase when they begin using a voice output AAC device. Research and clinical practice continue to indicate that AAC does not interfere with verbal speech and actually encourages spoken language. We frequently see increased imitation and spontaneous verbalizations when children use augmentative communication systems. Children will communicate with the easiest and most flexible means available to them. It is easier to use verbal speech when possible than it is to create a message on a communication device.
MYTH: The term ‘augmentative communication’ refers only to devices with voice output.
REALITY: There are many different types of augmentative communication with and without voice output. Some types include using objects, photographs, picture symbols such as Boardmaker or SymbolStix, gestures and manual signs. Other types are low tech battery operated single message voice output devices with as few as one message. Mid tech devices are available with multiple message selections. High tech devices are also available with robust language organization that can be modified for various stages in a child’s receptive and expressive language development.
Tablet systems such as iPads have a variety of communication apps from single messages to full robust language organizations. Frequently, children’s full communication systems include a combination of no tech, low-tech and high-tech AAC, in addition to their unaided communication including verbalizations.
MYTH: Individuals must progress through a specific hierarchy of skills before they are ready to use augmentative communication or before moving to the ‘next level’ of augmentative communication.
REALITY: There are no prerequisites for communication. A child does not need to understand cause-effect before he/she can use AAC. A child may actually learn cause-effect skills through the use of augmentative communication while she is learning new forms of communication. A child does not need to know that a picture represents an object. When a picture is attached to a voice output device or to a low tech surface, the child will begin to associate meaning between the picture and the object she receives when she selects the symbol.
For example, if you attach a picture symbol of ‘bubbles’ to a single message device, your child touches the picture and hears the message ‘bubbles’, then you blow bubbles for her, in time she will begin to associate the picture of bubbles with the actual bubbles.
MYTH: AAC is a last resort and we are giving up on my child’s speech.
REALITY: A child’s use of AAC can enhance speech, language and communication development while reducing frustration at the same time. Ideally, augmentative communication strategies should be introduced and implemented prior to communication failure in order to prevent communication failure. When AAC is introduced early, before increased frustration and communication failure occur, a child may naturally incorporate the system into their typical communication repertoire. Receptive and expressive language skills can be modeled using an AAC system. It is never too early to begin to incorporate AAC strategies into a child’s communication development. When introduced early, AAC can provide a strong foundation for a child’s receptive and expressive speech and language development.
MYTH: My child speaks and AAC is only for people who are completely nonverbal.
REALITY: AAC systems and strategies may be used as primary communication systems or as supplemental/augmentative systems for individuals. Many children are verbal and have trouble being understood by unfamiliar listeners or become frustrated when a familiar listener doesn’t understand a spoken message when the context is not known.
The following are some, but not all of the additional ways that AAC can be used with children who are verbal but may be difficult to understand:
repair communication breakdowns
receptive language development
expressive language development
It is important to remember that individuals with complex communication needs should have the opportunity to use augmentative communication strategies if they are not able to say what they want or need, share an idea or story, offer their thoughts, ask questions, tell you that they are afraid and what they are afraid of, and tell you if they are in pain. Augmentative communication can provide a means for them to share these types of messages to more people in more places more often.It is never too early to introduce AAC into communication intervention. There are no prerequisites for communication.
As promised, here is the next installment of my favorite speech and language apps! My February blog post listed a few of my go to speech and language apps that I use during many of my therapy sessions. Here’s a few more great apps that I hope you will LOVE too!
I recently came across Dr. Panda games app and I fell in love with the adorable characters and interface! Being the therapist I am, I tried to think about how I could use these apps in my therapy sessions. Let me tell you, it was EASY! The company’s mission is to “help kids understand life and the world around them”. There are a slew of Dr. Panda apps, with one being better than the next! Each app has a different theme with countless speech, language and play benefits.
With this app you can work on pretend play scheme for a grocery store, introduce grocery store vocabulary (e.g. shopping cart, checkout, cashier, produce section, etc.), sequencing (First get a cart, then go shopping, checkout, and put groceries in car), following a shopping list, math/numbers during checkout, and categorizing (fruit, veggies, dairy products, bakery, etc.).
Check out the other great apps offered by Dr. Panda:
This is an app geared towards elementary aged children who need help with conversational skills! This app is essentially a conversation simulator that works on children’s conversational reciprocity with multiple exchanges (back and forth practice).
Different conversation modules/topics available with a variety of different themes for an additional cost (in app purchase)
You hide a photo in the bag and your game partner has to try to guess the object you hid by asking questions about it in a process of elimination type way.
This app is a spin-off of the game “20 questions”. I use this app to address a variety of different language skills
I have also used this without using questions, but having the child (the object hider) use different language concepts to describe what is in the bag! (the child needs to be careful not to say what the item is in the description!) I will go back and forth with the child where they are describer and I am the guesser and I am the describer and they are the guesser. Not only does this work on descriptor skills when they are describing the items, but also word finding skills when they are the guesser!
You can also go a step further and make it like the game “Taboo” where you give the kids words they cannot use in their description (this is very tough).
At the end of it, all the kids LOVE opening the bag and seeing what is inside!
It’s a great game for using descriptor words, working on word finding skills, asking questions, and answering yes/no questions as well!
If you are interested in learning about other apps and app resources, please see my February blog post here!
For other speech and language ideas, please visit the Easter Seals DuPage & Fox Valley speech and language department’s pinterest page here!
“Can we play on your iPad?” is often the first question I get when a child enters my therapy room! These kids, often referred to as the “digital generation”, are drawn to anything with a screen. Though electronic overuse can be an issue with kids today, I am forever grateful for Steve Jobs and the people at Apple for opening up another world of speech therapy (a very BIG one!). Since the iPad’s release in 2010, the app world has exploded, especially in regards to educational apps for children. There are hundreds of blogs and websites dedicated to app use in speech therapy. This blog post will not be a comprehensive list of all the apps that can be used to promote speech/language development. There are thousands of apps, so I will touch on a few of my favorites at the moment and provide resources for exploring others.
A few of my favorite apps for development of speech/language/cognitive skills:
1. Anything Toca Boca!
This is my favorite app company for little ones. They have interactive apps that I use to target early language skills and pretend play. Try these apps to target pretend play schemes in a different way!
2. Popplet by Notion
Not sure about it? Try the lite version here for free!
Popplet is a visual learning app that can be used to target higher level language (word relationships, categories, compare/contrast, story retelling) and executive functioning skills (organizational skills, planning, generating ideas)
Here’s a pic of my client’s “popplet”. This visual representation assisted her in retelling 5 things she did over winter break
An award winning app that makes your child’s cartoons come to life!
Great for speech language skills: story retelling, sequencing, using complete sentences, working on pronouns, understanding emotions and much much more!
Kids follow the story arc to structure their story (setup, conflict, challenge, climax, resolution), choose a setting, pick the characters, animate, and set it to music!
Can save these videos or share them!
Also, check out Toontastic Jr. which is recommended for kids 3 years and older
4. Peekaboo Barn by Night and Day studios Price: $1.99 Not sure about purchasing the full app? Download the lite version here for free!
Interactive app aimed at toddlers
Typical farm animals (cow, pig, horse, chicken, etc.) are hiding in the barn! Touch the barn and surprise! Out pops an animal
I have used this in therapy to work on cause/effect, use of exclamations (ooh! Wow! Whoa!), and use of words “open”, “out”, “knock knock” to name a few
This app is recommended for “toddlers”, but please keep in mind the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics on screen time for children under the age of 2 years old.
How do I incorporate the iPad into my treatment sessions? Moderation is key! Lately, I feel as if iPads and other electronic devices are getting a bad rap in regards to overuse. Just like anything else, we need to set limits for our kids. Many kids would play on the iPad the whole session if I allowed this (I don’t!). I try to alternate activities between electronic and non-electronic throughout the session. When alternating activities, it keeps the child more engaged within therapy activities. Using iPad apps in therapy offers a wide variety of ways to target specific skills and assists with generalization of skills. It gives me another platform to practice certain speech/language/cognitive skills.
Here are some great websites that review/suggest speech and language related apps: